The first National Women’s Day is observed on 28 February in the United States. It aims to honour a garment workers’ strike in 1908, which saw 15,000 women march through the streets of New York to protest against working conditions.
At the International Socialist Women’s Conference in Copenhagen, German activist Clara Zetkin suggests that 8 March be celebrated annually in honour of women’s rights. Her proposal receives unanimous support.
International Women’s Day is celebrated for the first time in Austria, Denmark, Germany and Switzerland, albeit on 19 March. Over one million people attend rallies.
The United Nations finally recognises 8 March as International Women’s Day. It has since become the main sponsor of the annual event.
To commemorate the event’s centenary, US president Barack Obama declares the entire month of March as Women’s History Month, urging Americans to reflect on “the extraordinary accomplishments of women”.
This year’s campaign theme is #EachforEqual, which highlights the importance of challenging stereotypes, fighting bias and broadening perceptions to create a gender-equal world.